An Entrance Examination is an examination that is administered by different Educational Institutions in order to select students for admission at various Colleges and Universities. These examinations are open to all levels of education. However, they are usually conducted at a higher education level. Entrance Examinations serve as the testing ground for students to assess their abilities and capabilities in relation to admission to an institution they have chosen. Elite Institutes conduct the majority of Entrance Examinations. These elite institutes are well-known for having a high standard of faculty and candidates. AIEEE and JEE are the most popular entrance examinations in India. Indian Entrance Examinations are very common with almost all the Institutes holding their own Entrance Examinations. Some of the most difficult Entrance Examinations, such as the IIT-JEE and CAT, are among the hardest in the world. The JEE has a success rate of around 1 in 45. These Examinations have been very important, timely, and important over the years. They have also caused controversy that has affected parents, students, and administrators.
Histories of Indian Entrance Examinations
With the establishment of the University of Calcutta, in 1857, Entrance Examinations were created. In order to determine who was eligible to be admitted to the University, the Entrance Examination was introduced by the University. The Examination was designated a School Leaving Examination. The name of the Examination was later changed to Matriculation. The Examination System was further modified after India’s independence in 1947. The Secondary Examination after class X was renamed the Secondary School Leaving Certificate exam (SSLC), and the Higher Secondary Examination (HSC) was created. The Modern Entrance Examinations of Today are a result of the many IITs (Indian Institute of Technology), which were established in the 1950s. The All-India Joint Entrance Examinations, or JEE, were introduced by the IITs for admission. These formal procedures were created because different marks from different school boards couldn’t be used to create a common merit listing. Many Indian States have followed this pattern since the beginning of JEE and began Entrance Tests to allow admission into their respective states. The Central Board of Secondary Education soon started PMT (Pre-Medical Test), for selected medical colleges in India, and the All India Engineering Entrance Examination for admission to the National Institutes of Technology and any other engineering institution that may choose it.
India holds entrance examinations
* Entrance Examinations are conducted by most private and public educational institutes. These Entrance Examinations consist of Multiple Choice Question Papers, also known as MCQs in Academic Lingo. This Pattern was created because scores from school students were based on long-answer papers that might not reflect the real potential of students. These scores could be Human Examiner’s Errors, which would make them unacceptable in a highly competitive environment where even one mark could have a significant impact on a student’s future. The introduction of the Special Examiner eliminated this subjectivity. This is the OMR (Optical Mark Recognition), reading Laser, which was introduced in 2006.
* Engineering Institutes in India usually admit 15% of their students through AIEEE national level and the rest based on their scores in entrance exams conducted by the state in their college.
* Government Medical Institutes use the same process, but admissions are based on the rank of the All India Pre-Medical Test.
* Indian Institutes of Management administers a Common Admission Test to the candidates.
* Indian Institutes of Technology conducts IITJEE.
Engineering Entrance Exams:
AIEEE – All India Engineering/Architecture Entrance Exam.
JEE – Joint Entrance Examination.
GATE – Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering.
NATA – National Aptitude Test in Architecture.
SLIET – Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering & Technology Entrance Test.
State Engineering Entrance Exams – PTU CET, RPET, etc.
Medical Entrance Exams:
AIPMT – All India Pre-Medical/Pre-Dental Entrance Exam.
AIIMS – All-India Institute of Medical Sciences Entrance Examination.
AICEE – All India Common Entrance Examination, by Veterinary Council of India.
State Medical Entrance Exams – PTU CET, RPET, etc.
Science / Computer Entrance Exams:
CST – Competence in Software Technology Exam.
GSA – Graduate School Admission Test.
JAM – Joint Admission Test to M.Sc.
JEST – Joint Entrance Screening Test for Ph.D. Admission.
Management Entrance Exams:
ATMA – AIMS Test For Management Admission.
CEMAT – Commonwealth Executive MBA & MPA Programmes Admission Test.
CAT – Common Admission Test.
IBSAT – ICFAI Business School Aptitude Test.
IIFT – Indian Institute of Foreign Trade MBA Admission Test.
ICET – Integrated Common Entrance Test.
JMET – Joint Management Entrance Test.
K-MAT – Karnataka Management Aptitude Test.
MAT – Management Aptitude Test.
NAT – National Aptitude Test.
NCHMCT – National Council for Hotel Management and Catering Technology – Joint Entrance Examination (JEE).
NMAT – National Management Aptitude Test.
OPENMAT – Open Management Admission Test – Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU).
RMAT – Rajasthan Management Admission Test.
SET – Symbiosis Entrance Test for Symbiosis Undergraduate Institutes of SIEC Deemed University.
SNAP – Symbiosis National Aptitude Test.
TANCET – Tamil Nadu Common Entrance Test.
WAT – Written Admission Test – Army Welfare Education Society (AWES).
XAT – Xavier Admission Test.
Law Entrance Exams:
CLAT – Common Law Admission Test.
Kerala Law Entrance Examination.
Nalsar Entrance Test.
NLSIU – National Law School of India University Entrance Test.
LSAT – Law School Admission Test, India by LSAC.
Fashion & Technology Entrance Exams:
CEED – Common Entrance Examination for Design.
NID Entrance Exam.
NIFT Entrance Exam.
Pearl Academy of Fashion Entrance Exam.
Film & Television Entrance Exams:
Film and Television Institute of India Entrance Examination.
National School of Drama (NSD) Screening Test.
Advantages of Eligibility and Entrance Examinations
- It builds self-esteem, especially for people who are low in morale. Anyone who feels that they have given satisfactory Board Examinations can take up Entrance Examinations. These increase their self-esteem.
- These Entrance Examinations ensure that only the most talented minds are granted the best opportunities.
- Potential students become capable, minded professionals who help the country develop.
- The Competitive Scenario creates a competitive spirit that inspires others to perform well.
- Disadvantages of Eligibility and Entrance Examinations
- Current trends indicate that IIT admissions are declining in quality since 2005.
- The growth of Coaching Institutes has been enabled by these Examinations. Most of them are more interested in making a profit than in guiding students.
- Coaching Centres not only make Education a business but also provide shortcuts that allow students to pass the Examination. However, they lack the necessary knowledge required for Entrance Examinations. Aspirants may be good students, but not great professionals if they don’t understand the basics of the job.
- The Examinations add an additional layer of pressure to students already dealing with competitive environments in all spheres. This pressure can cause students to lose interest or even die. Some people succumb to the pressure and end up abusing or taking their own lives.
- The number of cases of psychological illness has increased over the years among today’s youth. These youth have to manage so many things these days, including going to school, doing homework, preparing for weekly and monthly tests, taking extra coaching for weak subjects, and so forth. There is little opportunity for fun, sports, or health activities in such an environment. This can lead to various illnesses and poor physical health.